In Islam, the recitation of 6 kalma (also known as “Kalima”) holds immense significance as it serves as the foundation of faith and belief for Muslims around the world. The kalma is a simple declaration of faith, consisting of six statements that encapsulate the core beliefs of Islam. Each kalma affirms the belief in the oneness of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).
6 Kalma of Islam
It serves as a statement to the unity of Allah and the finality of Prophet Muhammad’s message. The recitation of the kalima is important step for anyone embracing Islam, as it signifies the acceptance of the core beliefs of religion. I will delve deep into each of the 6 Kalma, exploring their meanings and significance in the life of a Muslim.
The first of the 6 Kalma of Islam is known as Kalma Tayyab. It is a declaration of faith and acceptance of the oneness of Allah. The Kalma Tayyab is as follows:
La ilaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah
In Arabic, the first kalima is read:
لآ اِلَهَ اِلّا اللّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُوُل اللّهِ
1st Kalma Meaning in English: “There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
The second Kalma, known as Kalma Shahadat, affirms the belief in the prophethood of Muhammad and the message he delivered.
The Kalma Shahadat is as follows:
Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu
In Arabic, the second kalima is read:
أَشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأشْهَدُ أنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
2nd Kalma Meaning in English: “I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”
The third Kalma, Kalma Tamjeed, is an expression of the greatness and magnificence of Allah.
Subhanallahe Wal Hamdulillahe Wa Laa ilaha illal Laho Wallahooakbar
In Arabic, the third kalima is read:
سُبْحَان لِلّه وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ وَ لآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّة ِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىّ الْعَظِيْم
3rd Kalma Meaning in English: “Glory be to Allah and Praise is for Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no Might or Power except from Allah, the most high, the most great.”
The fourth Kalma, Kalma Tauheed, emphasizes the oneness of Allah and rejects all forms of polytheism and idol worship.
La ilaha illallah, Wahdahu la sharika lahu, Lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, Yuhyi wa yumitu, wa Huwa ‘ala kulli shai’in Qadir
In Arabic, the fourth kalima is read:
لَآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهٗ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهٗ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْىٖ وَ يُمِيْتُ وَ هُوَحَیٌّ لَّا يَمُوْتُ اَبَدًا اَبَدًاؕ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْاِكْرَامِؕ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُؕ وَهُوَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شیْ ٍٔ قَدِیْرٌؕ
4th Kalma Meaning in English: “There is no god but Allah, He is One and has no partner. His is the sovereignty and his is the praise, and he gives life and causes death, and he is living and does not die. In his hand is all good, and he is over all things competent.”
The fifth Kalma, Kalma Istaghfar, is a plea for forgiveness and repentance from Allah.
Astaghfirullah Rabbi Min Kullay Zambin Aznabtuho Amadan Ao Khat An Sirran Ao Alaniatan Wa Atoobo ilaihe Minaz Zambil Lazee Aalamo Wa Minaz Zambil Lazee La Aalamo innaka Anta Allamul Ghuyoobi Wa Sattaarul Oyobi Wa Ghaffaruz Zunoobi Wala Haola Wala Quwwata illa billahil Aliyil Azeem.
In Arabic, the fifth kalma is read:
اسْتَغْفِرُ اللّهَ رَبِّىْ مِنْ كُلِّ ذَنْبٍ اَذْنَبْتُه عَمَدًا اَوْ خَطَاً سِرًّا اَوْ عَلَانِيَةً وَاَتُوْبُ اِلَيْهِ مِنْ الذَّنْبِ الَّذِىْ اَعْلَمُ وَ مِنْ الذَّنْبِ الَّذِىْ لا اَعْلَمُ اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الغُيُبِ وَ سَتَّارُ الْعُيُوْبِ و َغَفَّارُ الذُّنُوْبِ وَ لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىِّ العَظِيْم
5th Kalma Meaning in English: “I seek forgiveness from Allah, my Lord (my creator), from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly, and I turn towards Him from the sin that I know and from the sin that I do not know. Surely, You are the Knower of the hidden and the Concealer of mistakes and the Forgiver of sins. And there is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the Great.”
The sixth and final Kalma, Kalma Radd-e-Kufr, is a rejection of disbelief and a reaffirmation of faith in Islam.
Allah Humma inni Aaoozubika Min An Oshrika Beka Shai Aown Wa Anaa Aalamo Behi Wa Astaghfiruka Lima laa Aalamo Behi Tubtu Anho Wa Tabarrato Minal Kufri Washshirki Wal Kizbi Wal Jheebati Wal Bidaati Wan Nameemati Wal Fawahishi Wal Bohtani Wal Maasi Kulliha Wa Aslamtoo Wa Aamantoo Wa Aqoolo Laa ilaaha illal Lahoo Mohammadur Rasool Ullah.
In Arabic, the six kalima is read:
اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّیْٓ اَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ اَنْ اُشْرِكَ بِكَ شَيْئًا وَّاَنَآ اَعْلَمُ بِهٖ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ لِمَا لَآ اَعْلَمُ بِهٖ تُبْتُ عَنْهُ وَ تَبَرَّأْتُ مِنَ الْكُفْرِ وَ الشِّرْكِ وَ الْكِذْبِ وَ الْغِيْبَةِ وَ الْبِدْعَةِ وَ النَّمِيْمَةِ وَ الْفَوَاحِشِ وَ الْبُهْتَانِ وَ الْمَعَاصِىْ كُلِّهَا وَ اَسْلَمْتُ وَ اَقُوْلُ لَآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللهِؕ
6th Kalma Meaning in English: “O Allah I seek Your refuge from associating anything with you knowingly, and I seek forgiveness from You for (shirk) that I do not know. I have repented from it and I have detested disbelief, idolatry, tellingly, backbiting, bad innovations, tale-telling, indecency, accusations, and all the sins. I embrace Islam and say there is none worthy of worship but Allah, Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah.”
These 6 Kalma of Islam are declarations of faith and belief in the Islamic faith. They serve as pillars of the Muslim creed, encompassing the core principles of Islam. The 6 Kalma should be recited with sincerity and devotion. Muslims are encouraged to learn and understand the meanings of each Kalma to deepen their connection with Allah and strengthen their faith. These six statements serve as a foundation for Muslims worldwide.
Checkout the wikipedia page of Six Kalma of Islam